Laser tattoo removal
Laser tattoo removal is by far the most effective method of removing tattoos.
The procedure is performed with a new-generation Q-switched nanosecond Nd:Yag laser that can emit beams in two different spectrums – 1064 nm and 532 nm. This allows the removal of not only “black”, but also colored tattoos containing brown, red, orange, dark blue and dark green color.
The effectiveness of laser tattoo removal is due to the specific spectrum of laser beams and the way they penetrate – extremely short pulses are emitted, containing a huge amount of energy, which fragments the pigment in the skin into micro particles. As a result, a photoacoustic effect is created, which is expressed by the appearance of small whitish bubbles at the site of the tattoo. Their presence indicates that the laser settings are optimal and that good results can be expected from the procedure. The pigment treated by the laser beam is cleared from the body through the lymphatic system.
This precise method is safe and gentle on the skin.
Specially trained and certified therapists ensure the success of the procedure and its safety for the patient.
Esteline Dermatology Clinic works with a high-quality device from the leading manufacturer of lasers in the field of dermatology and aesthetics Quanta System®.
What is the procedure?
The tattoo site is numbed with cream 30-40 minutes before the procedure. The tattoo itself is processed in two steps. As a result of the first, the appearance of whitish bubbles on the pigment and its obliteration is noticed. This reaction is known as the frosting effect. In the second treatment, the laser beam repeatedly passes over the tattoo and the adjacent skin, at which point bleeding is visible. A fractionated laser beam is used, which allows the release of accumulated gases in the skin and easier clearing of the pigment. The sensations during the procedure are burning to brief pain. The intensity of the pain depends on the location of the tattoo, its saturation and the depth of the pigment. A blast of cold air is used during the procedure to make it more comfortable. The patient wears protective goggles at all times.
What are the contraindications and side effects?
Contraindications for laser removal of tattoos are pregnancy and breastfeeding. In the case of therapy with Roacutane (Isotretinoin), the drug should be stopped at least 6 months before the procedure. It is contraindicated in case of an established allergic reaction to a pigment from the tattoo and skin with a tan. It is not recommended in poor general health, poor skin condition (after abrasion and burning), autoimmune diseases and bleeding disorders.
A possible side reaction from the procedure is the appearance of blisters after treatment, which pass in about 24 hours after treatment. This reaction is individual and occurs more frequently when red pigments are processed. Immediately after the procedure, the skin is red and swollen, with spotty bleeding in places. Within a week there may be flaking and crusting, the area may be slightly sensitive to touch. Purpura (bruising) may appear in places and disappear in 10 days. Sometimes, after the end of the course of treatments, temporary hypo- or hyperpigmentation appears, which may persist for several months. In some types of color tattoos, especially cosmetic ones, color transformation can occur.
When does it occur and what is the duration of the effect?
Results are observed after the first procedure and after the inflammation subsides. In most cases, the result is partial, requiring more than one procedure until the tattoo is completely cleared. The number of treatments needed depends on several factors: location on the body, color saturation, age, types of colors. In most cases, between 3 and 7 treatments are needed for a complete clearing, but in some multi-coloured tattoos much more (over 10). As a rule, amateur, one-color tattoos or cosmetic ones are erased the fastest, while professional, saturated and multi-colored ones, the slowest.
What is the recommended care after the procedure?
Immediately after the procedure, antibiotic cream is applied and the area is covered with a bandage. The cream is applied within a week after the procedure. The area should not be wet for 24 hours after the procedure. It is advisable to avoid the sun for 2 weeks after the procedure and apply sunscreen for 6 weeks after the procedure.
What is the recommended number and frequency of treatments?
Depending on the type of tattoo, complete lightening can be observed between 3 or 7 treatments. Depending on the localization, colors and pigment saturation, the procedures may exceed 10. The period between treatments is 6 or 8 weeks.