Moles are the most common skin growths. They vary in shape, size, and appearance, but are most often presented as lighter or darker brown spots.

Birthmarks develop most often in childhood and adolescence, but can appear with birth or in adulthood.

Moles are made up of a group of pigment cells located at different depths in the skin, and depending on the amount of pigment, they are lighter or darker. Apart from their colour, they differ in size, shape and surface. There are moles that are poorly embossed and those that are raised or pendulous.
On average, a person has between 10 and 45 moles, most of which appear by age 40. Many of them are harmless, and some disappear with time, but there are also moles, the so-called atypical ones, which must be carefully studied and tracked in evolution because they are potentially dangerous. The worst consequence of this kind of moles is the development of melanoma, which is one of the most malignant cancers of the human body.


See a dermatologist if you have a mole that hurts, itches or burns, bleeds or oozes discharge. Do not postpone the dermatological examination if you notice a change in the colour, shape, size and relief of a mole or in cases where a new mole grows in place of the removed mole. New moles appearing after the age of 30 also require special attention.
It is recommended that after the age of 21, a mole screening is done once a year.

The most effective and safe treatment for moles is surgical removal(excision). In surgical excision, the mole is removed completely and can be histologically examined if necessary. This is a method that provides 100% results without the risk of recurrence.

A very small percentage of moles, those that are not pigmented and are raised can be safely removed with a laser.