Fungal infections of the skin, also known as “mycoses“, are common and generally mild. In some people with suppressed immunity, however, they can cause serious harm to the body.

The most common skin fungi are dermatophytes, yeasts and moulds.

Contamination occurs on contact with an infected animal or soil, and in some cases the skin-populating fungus itself is activated due to immunity suppression.

Favorable factors for the development of infection are heat, moisture and reduced skin acidity. The fungus begins to multiply, forming characteristic reddish, scaly patches. In the absence of favourable conditions for their development, the fungi change into inactive, resistant forms known as ‘spores‘. In this form, they can remain for a long time, waiting for favorable factors for reactivation of infection.

Apart from the skin, fungal infection can affect the nails, hair and mucous membranes. Symptoms are discoloration, thickening and deformation of the nail, circular hair fall and whitish spots on the mucous membranes.


For the long-term cure of fungal infection, strengthening the general immunity of the body, monitoring and adjusting the blood sugar level and timely measures to treat current health problems are essential. It is also important to apply prophylaxis, consisting in disinfection of shoes, nail tools and other personal accessories.
Treatment of the fungal infection should be continued for at least an additional 2 weeks after the symptoms have apparently disappeared.

Fungal infections are among the most persistent infectious diseases of the skin, nails and hair.

Therapy is individualized and is a combination of antifungal preparations and/or drugs, as well as prophylactics to destroy the spores.