Eczema (also dermatitis) is an inflammation of the skin.
Causes can be varied and eczema presents in different clinical forms. The three main types of eczema are atopic, contact and seborrheic dermatitis.
The most characteristic signs of eczema are severe itching, redness, flaking and swelling of the affected area. In some cases, characteristic primarily of contact dermatitis, there may be bubbles and plaques from which secretion is released and crusts form.
Contact dermatitis develops when an aggressive ingredient, such as a solvent, soap, etc., gets on the skin or an allergen (nickel, cosmetics, etc.) comes into contact with the skin.
Atopic dermatitis is probably the most common disease in children. Its manifestation can be observed as early as 3 months of age and continues in stages with exacerbation and subsidence throughout life. It usually begins with the appearance of red, iridescent patches all over the body and later progresses to a limited form on the folds of the arms and legs.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a rather chronic skin and scalp condition characterized by the appearance of red-orange, faintly oily patches in sebaceous gland-rich areas (face, back, chest and scalp).
All types of dermatitis bring discomfort to daily life, such as itching and/or pain, carry a risk of developing a skin infection, and many are chronic in nature.
Eczema is not a contagious disease, but very often chronic and lasts for many years. For good treatment results, accurate identification of the type of dermatitis and guiding therapy with a combination of medications, treatments, and building the right skin maintenance habits is necessary.
Treatment of eczema depends on the cause and the health condition of each person. In addition to lifestyle changes and the use of specialized cosmetics, most therapeutic programs also include the application of healing creams and lotions, as well as phototherapy. The application of specialised skin hygiene products and the avoidance of factors that may exacerbate the disease are essential for disease control.