Acne is one of the most common skin diseases globally.
It occurs when sebum and dead skin cells clog the pores. Comedones (“blackheads”), milliomas (“whiteheads”), etc. form. This creates a favourable environment for infection caused by an otherwise harmless bacterium found in the hair follicle.
Depending on the course, acne can be mild (usually as single red pimples) to severe (with hundreds of pustules and cysts covering the entire, face, neck, chest and back).
Acne occurs most often in teenagers and usually resolves in adulthood. Its appearance is explained by the hormonal changes that occur at puberty and the increased oiliness of the skin. Increasingly, however, cases are also increasing in older women. This trend is associated with disorders in hormonal status, which are also the cause of increased hair growth, menstrual disorders, etc.
The use of excessively greasy cosmetic products, as well as tanning beds, can provoke or aggravate acne.
Symptoms of acne include the appearance of white-tipped pimples, blackheads and red pimples, which most often appear on the face, shoulders, back and chest. Larger and deeper buds are known as “cysts”. They are usually painful, become infected and leave scars.
Maintaining skin with non-comedogenic products (labelled on the packaging) is essential for oilier, acne-prone skins. To control the condition, the skin should be washed twice a day with special products that do not dry it out. Pimples should not be squeezed, as this aggravates them and can provoke scarring.
There are different types of acne treatment – from conservative cosmetics and drug therapies to laser treatment. The approach is individual and depends on the severity of the acne and the cause of its occurrence.
The duration of treatment is a minimum of 3 months. Treatment with medication may require well over a year.
Very often, severe acne leaves scars that are more of a problem than the acne itself. The dermatologists of the Esteline Clinic have at their disposal the latest technologies for scar removal. Depending on the type of scar, depth and season, the most appropriate scar therapy is selected: moist dermabrasion, chemical peel, laser peel, microneedling or laser therapy.