Details and essence of chemical peeling that would interest you

Stella Georgieva
Medical beautician at Esteline Dermatology Clinic

First, I will clarify what “skin peeling” means. This is the removal of the uppermost layers of the epidermis, and the dermis can also be reached. Stimulates the regeneration of collagen, elastin and epidermis. This rejuvenates the skin and slows down the aging process.

Chemical peels are one of the many exfoliation methods out there. It represents a controlled chemical burn of the skin. I can imagine how this sounds to you, and if I don’t explain the procedure in more detail, maybe none of you have the experience.

Depending on the depth of impact, there are superficial peelings (there is an increased shedding of horn cells), medium and deep peelings (they affect the dermis level and stimulate collagen and elastin).

The main groups of acids that are used are ANA’s (alpha hydroxy); BHA’s (beta hydroxy), PHA’s (polyhydroxy) and aromatic hydroxy acids (AMA’s).

ANA’s are found naturally in plants and known as “fruit acids”. In citrus fruits – citric acid. In sour and fresh milk – lactic acid. In grape juice – tartaric (tartaric) acid–women in ancient Rome and ladies in the court of the Sun King used old wine to maintain their appearance. In extract of bitter almonds – mandelic acid. The main representative is glycolic acid, found in sugar cane, sugar beet and unripe grapes. These peels are mostly superficial to medium deep. They have a good effect on acne, dry skin, dehydrated and exhausted skin, uneven skin pigmentation and fine wrinkles.

From the group of BHA’s, salicylic acid is the most widespread. It works superficially. It is often used in combination with ANA’s acids because it prepares the skin for subsequent better penetration of the remaining acids. It has a strong antibacterial effect, which is why it is used in cases of contaminated skin with comedones and for the treatment of acne.

I guess this theory is not very interesting, so I continue with some more interesting facts about the procedure itself and the possible reactions.

You must have heard people who have undergone this type of therapy complain that they have developed pigment spots, or that it has gotten worse and they have pimples after peeling. There are risks and complications that, although rare, may occur. Regarding skin pigmentation – in most cases, this is due to improper sun protection, which is extremely important and should not be omitted as home care by the patient. Another reaction is a complete lightening of the natural color of the skin. The appearance of pimples after a chemical peel is due to the “cleansing effect” it has. They disappear spontaneously and should not bother you.

The changes you can expect after the procedure within 7-8 days are:

-stretched, dry skin with increased sensitivity

– peeling that lasts 2-5 days

This therapy is not as pleasant as a feeling during the procedure. Patients report intense warmth, burning, stinging, tingling, and mild itching. It is good that it does not take more than half an hour and even after that you can return to work or show yourself in front of people, because the redness of the skin goes away within 20-30 minutes.
Despite the things you have to endure, chemical peels have established themselves in the field of aesthetics as one of the most effective procedures. To get the desired effect, you will need to do 4-6 procedures.

What I can say in conclusion is that beauty requires sacrifices, and in some cases it is necessary to keep our skin looking healthy.